Hilda A. Cerdeira was born in Argentina. She graduated as Licenciada en Fisica at the Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires. She holds a Ph.D. in Physics from Brown University. She held postdoctoral positions at Max Planck Institut for Festkkoerperforschung and Mettallforschung. She was professor at the University of Campinas, Brazil, before moving to Italy.

She was a Scientific Member of the Condensed Matter Group of the Abdus Salam ICTP Theoretical Physics and also the Head of the Donation Programme of the Abdus Salam International Centre FOR Theoretical Physics. For a number of years she shared the chairmanship of the Adriatico Research Conferences with Professor Stig Lundqvist. She has edited a number of conference Proceedings. She works in nonlinear dynamical systems, in particular in synchronization of chaotic systems, where her work on decoding signals masked in low dimensional chaotic signals is one of the milestones of the field. She was a member of the Editorial Board of the International Journal for Bifurcation and Chaos, the World Scientific Series on Lectures in Complex Systems and Learned Publishing. She was a member of the IUPAP working group on Communications in Physics, a Member-at-Large of the Governing Board of the American Institute of Physics and a member of the Advisory Board of Physics Today. In International issues, she developed the eJournals Delivery Service, which is a service for researchers in institutions in Third World Countries, where low bandwidth Internet facilities or lack of funds do not allow downloading of scientific material in a timely manner. The service allows access to over 300 of the highest impact journals in Physics and Mathematics.

At present she is a Retired Professor, at the Instituto de Física Teórica, UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil, where she dedicates most of her time to do Research at Leisure, dedicating a large part of her time to search for signals of coming seizures in electroencephalograms of epileptic patients.